Swami Vivekananda (Narendranath Dutta) Biography in English | Education
|Swami Vivekananda (Narendranath Dutta) Biography in English|
Biography of Swami Vivekananda (Narendranath Dutta) in English
Vivekananda, original name Narendranath Datta, Datta also spelled Dutt, (born January 12, 1863, Calcutta [now Kolkata] - died July 4, 1902, near Calcutta), Hindu spiritual leader and reformer in India who tried combine Indian and Western spirituality. material progress, holding that the two complemented and complemented each other. His Absolute was a person's own higher self; working for the benefit of humanity was the noblest endeavor.
Born into an upper-middle-class family of the Kayastha (scribes) caste in Bengal, he was educated at a Western-style university where he was exposed to Western philosophy, Christianity, and science. Social reform became a prominent element of Vivekananda's thinking, and he joined the Brahmo Samaj (Brahma Society), dedicated to eliminating child marriage and illiteracy and determined to spread education among women and the lower castes. He later he became the most notable disciple of Ramakrishna, who demonstrated the essential unity of all religions.
Always highlighting the universal and humanistic side of the Vedas, the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism, as well as the belief in service rather than dogma, Vivekananda tried to infuse Hindu thought with vigor, putting less emphasis on the prevailing pacifism and presenting the Hindu spirituality to the public. West. He was an activating force in the movement to promote Vedanta philosophy (one of the six schools of Indian philosophy) in the United States and England. In 1893 he appeared in Chicago as a spokesman for Hinduism in the World Parliament of Religions and so captivated the assembly that a newspaper article described him as "a speaker by divine right and, without doubt, the most important figure in Parliament." Thereafter, he lectured in the United States and England, making converts to the Vedanta movement.
Upon his return to India with a small group of Western disciples in 1897, Vivekananda founded the Ramakrishna Mission at the Belur Math monastery on the Ganges (Ganga) river near Calcutta (now Kolkata). Self-improvement and service were his ideals, and the order continued to emphasize them. He adapted and made the highest ideals of Vedantic religion relevant to the twentieth century, and although he lived for only two years in that century, he left the mark of his personality in both East and West.
Source: Britannica, Direct News 99